The style of Wing Chun is based on simplicity. Therefore, it is appreciated world wide, especially for fighting. It is the delivery of the movements that makes a successful fighter, not how many forms one knows.
Wing chun is based on the centre line theory applied through close range simultaneous and explosive blocks and strikes. The centre line theory is built on the effectiveness of attacking and guarding the body’s most vulnerable areas (i.e. those areas which cannot be strengthened or conditioned, and where the greatest damage can be inflicted).
Such areas for example would include the face and neck, or any areas through the central line of the body where impact, absorption, and damage would be the greatest.
The approach of a Wing Chun practitioner is face ‘square on’ to the opponent so that the whole body is aligned and used directly. This necessitates a good body posture with your backbone straight and legs grounded in a strong stance. This maximises the use of the body’s framework in order to generate speed and power.
This we call ‘body alignment’ Aligning the body and using it as one unit is fundamental to the style’s effectiveness.
The foundations of the framework are built on having a strong ‘bridge hand’ which consists of the shoulder, elbow and wrist; and a strong ‘horse stance’ which consists of the hip, knee and ankle. Delivery of the strike is through the application of ‘triangle theory’ where the angle of the upper to lower arms is aligned for maximum effectiveness of the both the strike and the block, and supported by the power of the whole body behind it.
As a close range martial art, blocks and strikes must be fast and accurate. At such a close distances there is no time for the eye to see and mind to respond. As speed is essential, the aim of Wing Chun practice is to help make the student (both their body and mind) become accustomed to the movements so that it becomes their second nature and instantaneous when confronted.